2024 Dermnetnz - Trichoscopy involves examination of the scalp and hair using a handheld or a videodermoscopy device. Examination with a dermatoscope (trichoscope) can reassure patients that they have received a thorough scalp examination and provide the clinician with invaluable in vivo information about scalp and hair shaft pathology.

 
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune inflammatory condition. It results in potentially widespread fibrosis and vascular abnormalities, which can affect the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, heart and kidneys. The skin becomes thickened and hard ( sclerotic ). Systemic sclerosis has been subdivided into two main subtypes, according to .... Dermnetnz

Dermatitis overview. Created 2008. Learning objectives. Describe acute and chronic dermatitis; Outline general management of dermatitis; Introduction. Dermatitis and eczema are words that are often used interchangeably to describe a variety of distinct skin conditions in which there is epidermal and dermal inflammation and nearly …Dermatologist – USA. One of the most easy, complete and comprehensive sources for dermatological conditions. Every topic is well written and covered completely. This site is my friend at the clinic. Thank you for your effort.Jan 31, 2019 · 17.8% were aged 50-59. 23.9% were aged 60-69. 23.7% were aged 70-79. 16% were aged 80 or older. The mean age for melanoma diagnosis is 65.7 years among men and 62.4 years among women. Melanoma is the most common cancer diagnosed in young Australians aged 15–29 years, accounting for 15% of all cancers in this age group. A list of the most commonly used key terms and phrases in dermatology.Cherry angioma. Cherry angiomas are extremely common benign red, blue, purple or almost black lesions occurring in middle age on the trunk. They can be easily distinguished from melanocytic lesions by dermoscopy, which shows red, blue or purple lacunes. Occasionally they become thrombosed and may fall off or persist as a firm bluish papule.Melanoma of the nail unit is usually a variant of acral lentiginous melanoma, a malignant melanoma arising from the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. Other rare forms of melanoma that may arise in the nail unit are nodular melanoma or desmoplastic melanoma. Melanoma of the nail unit most often affects the great …Jan 31, 2019 · 17.8% were aged 50-59. 23.9% were aged 60-69. 23.7% were aged 70-79. 16% were aged 80 or older. The mean age for melanoma diagnosis is 65.7 years among men and 62.4 years among women. Melanoma is the most common cancer diagnosed in young Australians aged 15–29 years, accounting for 15% of all cancers in this age group. Pityriasis rosea is a self-limiting rash, which resolves in about 6–10 weeks. It is characterised by a large circular or oval "herald patch ", usually found on the chest, abdomen, or back. The herald patch …Chronic urticaria can affect children and adults. Chronic inducible urticaria is more common than chronic spontaneous urticaria. Adults with chronic urticaria have a significantly higher prevalence of atopicdermatitis, asthma, and allergic rhinitis than a control population. In children, the prevalence of atopy is similar in those with …DermNet is a not-for-profit, independent health publishing organisation with a mission to make authoritative information about the skin accessible to anyone in the world. We have information about almost every skin condition and have a library of over 20,000 dermatology images. All of our content is created or reviewed by a …Schamberg disease ( progressive pigmented purpura) Schamberg disease is the most common type of capillaritis. Regular or irregular crops of red-brown flat patches with cayenne pepper spots on their borders appear for no apparent reason. Although most common on the lower legs, the Schamberg form of capillaritis can …DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Search DermNet to see clinical skin condition summaries and dermatology images.DermNet is a not-for-profit, independent health publishing organisation with a mission to make authoritative information about the skin accessible to anyone in the world. We have information about almost every skin condition and have a library of over 20,000 dermatology images. All of our content is created or reviewed by a …Periocular dermatitis is a localised form of periorificial dermatitis. It is characterised by small red scaly papules and pustules located around the eye [1]. Periorificial dermatitis includes perioral dermatitis or periocular dermatitis alone, or in association. Perioral dermatitis describes an eruption around the mouth and nose.Dermatology resources for medical students. Welcome to DermNet’s medical student resource centre. This centre has been designed to help increase your confidence and …Benign pigmented skin lesions may be melanocytic or non-melanocytic in origin. Specific dermatoscopic features suggesting melanocytic origin include the presence of: Pigment network. Aggregated brown or black globules. Specific features: parallel pattern on palms and soles, follicular openings on facial skin, homogeneous steel-blue of blue naevus.Different. D is for Different.. Most people have a 'signature naevus' - all their melanocytic naevi resemble each other. A melanoma appears unique and very different from the patient’s other lesions.. A pigmented lesion that is obviously different from the others is sometimes called an 'ugly duckling', 'black sheep', 'lone ranger', or 'odd-mole-out' and …The solar (actinic) keratosis is the most common precursor lesion for squamous cell carcinoma. Histologically, atypical keratinocytes are found in the basal layer of the epidermis. Actinic keratoses are found on sun-exposed sites, mainly face, ears and hands. They are often multiple and have a hard scaly surface without induration …Jan 31, 2019 · 17.8% were aged 50-59. 23.9% were aged 60-69. 23.7% were aged 70-79. 16% were aged 80 or older. The mean age for melanoma diagnosis is 65.7 years among men and 62.4 years among women. Melanoma is the most common cancer diagnosed in young Australians aged 15–29 years, accounting for 15% of all cancers in this age group. Imiquimod is an immune response modifier. It is manufactured as a 5% (50 mg/g) cream called Aldara™. Generic forms of imiquimod cream are also available. The Perrigo brand is funded by PHARMAC in New Zealand (2019). A 3.75% cream called Zyclara™ has also been approved by the FDA in the USA but is not yet available in New Zealand (March 2017).What is palmoplantarkeratoderma? ‘Keratoderma’ is a term that means marked thickening of the epidermis of the skin. ‘Palmoplantar’ refers to the skin on the soles of the feet and palms of the hands; these are the areas keratoderma affects most often. Palmoplantar keratoderma is also sometimes known as ‘ keratosis palmaris et plantaris’.The solar (actinic) keratosis is the most common precursor lesion for squamous cell carcinoma. Histologically, atypical keratinocytes are found in the basal layer of the epidermis. Actinic keratoses are found on sun-exposed sites, mainly face, ears and hands. They are often multiple and have a hard scaly surface without induration …Notalgia paraesthetica is a form of cutaneous dysaesthesia where itch and/or changed sensation arise in the areas of skin on the medial aspect of the shoulder blade on either side of the back. Notalgia means pain in the back, and paraesthetica refers to burning pain, tingling or itch. It is also called thoracic cutaneous nerve …Prurigo simplex presents as symmetrically distributed, small, intensely itchy, dome-shaped bumps. Sometimes there are tiny blisters. They are most numerous on the outer aspects of the limbs and buttocks, but may occur anywhere on head and neck, trunk and limbs. Prurigo may affect children and adults. Aternative names for prurigo simplex include ... Learn about seborrhoeic dermatitis, a common form of eczema that affects the scalp, face, and trunk. Find out the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for this inflammatory skin condition. Telogen effluvium is the name for a common cause of temporary hair loss due to the excessive shedding of resting or telogen hair after some shock to the system. New hair continues to grow. Telogen hair is also known as a club hair due to the shape of the root. It should be distinguished from anagen effluvium, in which the hair shedding is due ...Dermatitis overview. Created 2008. Learning objectives. Describe acute and chronic dermatitis; Outline general management of dermatitis; Introduction. Dermatitis and eczema are words that are often used interchangeably to describe a variety of distinct skin conditions in which there is epidermal and dermal inflammation and nearly … DermNet Cases. DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before being published. The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. Absence of spontaneous bleeding (bleeding or ulceration may be due to recent injury). Benign lesions can be classified by their cellular origin: melanocytic, keratinocytic, vascular, fibrous, fat, and so on, Brimonidine is the first and only FDA-approved topical treatment specifically developed and indicated for facial erythema in rosacea. Applied once daily, brimonidine works quickly to reduce the redness of rosacea and the beneficial effects last up to 12 hours. Brimonidine is also available as eye drops to treat ocular hypertension or glaucoma.Alopecia areata is typically diagnosed on clinical features, however additional tests may aid diagnosis. Trichoscopy : Examination of the hair follicle, hair shaft, and scalp with a dermatoscope. Features of active disease include exclamation point hairs, broken or dystrophic hairs, yellow dots and black dots.Phytophotodermatitis, a form of plant dermatitis, is a skin reaction that occurs after natural photosensitising chemicals (furanocoumarins) present within plant sap and fruits, become smeared onto the skin, and there is subsequent exposure to sunlight. The areas affected become acutely red, and often blister.Folliculitis keloidalis, or folliculitis keloidalis nuchae, is sometimes called acne cheloidalis nuchae or acne keloidalis. These names are incorrect because folliculitis keloidalis is not acne and the scars formed are not …Dermoscopy quiz (2 of 3) Dermoscopy quiz (3 of 3) Different causes of purpura – 10 cases. Eczema – 14 cases. Fungal infections – 12 cases. Hair loss – 14 cases. Irritant contact dermatitis – 12 cases. Irritating skin problems affecting the axilla – 10 cases. Leg rashes and unwell – 10 cases.Lipoedema almost exclusively affects women. Due to oestrogen receptors in the white adipose tissue, oestrogen is considered to be a major factor. Similar changes to lipoedema can occur in men with hormone disorders such as testosterone deficiency in association with cirrhosis of the liver and renal failure, testicular cancer, and hypogonadism . Seborrhoeic keratosis is a harmless warty spot that appears during adult life as a common sign of skin ageing. Some people have hundreds of them. Seborrhoeic keratosis (American spelling - seborrheic keratosis) is also called SK, basal cell papilloma, senile wart, brown wart, wisdom wart, or barnacle. The descriptive term, benign keratosis, is ... Measles vaccine induces long-term (probably life-long) immunity in most individuals. Vaccination schedules recommend a two-dose immunisation strategy; the first dose at 12–15 months of age, followed by a second dose at 4–6 years. Measles vaccine should not be given during pregnancy.Tinea corporis is spread by the shedding of fungal spores from infected skin. Transmission is facilitated by a warm, moist environment and the sharing of fomites including bedding, towels, and clothing. Dermatophyte infection elsewhere on the skin, such as tinea pedis, can also be transferred. The incubation period is 1–3 …Dermatologist – USA. One of the most easy, complete and comprehensive sources for dermatological conditions. Every topic is well written and covered completely. This site is my friend at the clinic. Thank you for your effort.Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) is an uncommon cutaneous rash of uncertain aetiology . The acute form, pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), and the chronic form, pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC), sit at either end of a disease spectrum with many patients showing overlapping features. The … Fungal infection of the nail, also known as onychomycosis, compromises over 50% of all nail disease with an estimated prevalence of 5.5%. They can affect the toenails, fingernails, or both. Fungal nail infections are also known as tinea unguium in the case of dermatophyte infections. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment used mainly for superficial types of skin cancer. PDT is effective in treating actinic keratoses, in situ squamous cell carcinoma (Bowen disease), and superficial basal cell carcinomas. It may also be used for treatment of small, thin, low-risk nodular basal cell carcinomas outside of the head and neck ... Topical steroids. Topical steroids are the mainstay treatment for mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis. They are safe and effective when used correctly. The strength of a topical steroid is determined by the structure of the molecule. The weakest steroid used for the shortest time to be effective is usually prescribed.Feb 28, 2019 · Nodular prurigo (NP) or prurigo nodularis is a chronic skin condition characterised by very itchy firm lumps. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the arms, legs, back, and torso, in a symmetrical distribution. It is the most severe form of prurigo and thus can be difficult to treat. Seborrhoeic keratosis is a harmless warty spot that appears during adult life as a common sign of skin ageing. Some people have hundreds of them. Seborrhoeic keratosis (American spelling - seborrheic keratosis) is also called SK, basal cell papilloma, senile wart, brown wart, wisdom wart, or barnacle. The descriptive term, benign keratosis, is ... Tinea versicolor is more accurately called pityriasis versicolor. This is a common yeast infection on the trunk. Tinea incognito refers to a tinea infection in which the clinical appearance has changed because of inappropriate treatment. Tinea nigra is a mould infection (not a dermatophyte). It affects the palms or soles, which appear brown (on ...A list of the most commonly used key terms and phrases in dermatology.Trachyonychia is characterised by brittle nails that show diffuse longitudinal ridging and can be accompanied by pitting, loss of lustre, or a roughened nail plate. Trachyonychia, also known as ‘rough nails’ or ‘sandpaper nails’, can involve any number of nails. Twenty-nail dystrophy refers to trachyonychia that affects all 20 nails.DermNet is a not-for-profit, independent health publishing organisation with a mission to make authoritative information about the skin accessible to anyone in the world. We have information about almost every skin condition and have a library of over 20,000 dermatology images. All of our content is created or reviewed by a …Granuloma annulare may be a delayed hypersensitivity reaction to a component of the dermis or a reaction pattern to numerous triggers. Reported triggering events have included many skin infections and infestations, and types of skin trauma. Inflammation is mediated by tumour necrosis factor alpha ( TNF α). The reason this occurs is unknown. Chronic spontaneous urticaria refers to chronic urticaria that has no specific cause or trigger. Weals are present on most days of the week for 6 weeks or more. Chronic spontaneous urticaria was previously referred to as chronic idiopathic urticaria. This term is no longer used as many cases have an autoimmune basis. Autoimmunity is an immune response against the self that usually involves T and B lymphocytes. The particular protein or structure targeted by the T and B lymphocytes is called the self-antigen [3]. Autoimmunity may result in autoimmune disease with tissue damage or impaired physiological function.Herpetic whitlow is self-limiting and usually resolves without any complications in 2–4 weeks. Recurrence is possible due to reactivation of the virus, which can be triggered by stress, other illness, or trauma to the skin or nails. Recurrent episodes are usually less severe than the primary infection. View images of herpetic whitlow.Tinea versicolor is more accurately called pityriasis versicolor. This is a common yeast infection on the trunk. Tinea incognito refers to a tinea infection in which the clinical appearance has changed because of inappropriate treatment. Tinea nigra is a mould infection (not a dermatophyte). It affects the palms or soles, which appear brown (on ...Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis is an uncommon skin condition affecting the trunk, neck and axillae. It is characterised by asymptomatic, hyperpigmented papules and plaques that have a peripheral, net-like …Trichoscopy involves examination of the scalp and hair using a handheld or a videodermoscopy device. Examination with a dermatoscope (trichoscope) can reassure patients that they have received a thorough scalp examination and provide the clinician with invaluable in vivo information about scalp and hair shaft pathology. Periorificial dermatitis is a common facial skin problem characterised by groups of itchy or tender small red papules. The area around the eyes, nose, and mouth are most commonly affected, however papules may also be found on the genitals. The characteristics of facial periorificial dermatitis are as follows. Scabies is a transmissible skin disease caused by the ectoparasitic mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis. This variant infests humans only; scabies cannot be caught or transferred to other animals. Scabies is a highly contagious infestation of the human epidermis. Scabies was described by Aristotle who likened the disease to ‘lice of the flesh’. Discoid eczema usually affects the limbs, particularly the legs, but the rash may be widespread. Although often bilateral, the distribution can be asymmetrical especially if related to varicose veins. Individual plaques are well circumscribed, mostly 1–3 cm in diameter, and inflamed. The majority of patches are round or oval. Dermatology resources for medical students. Welcome to DermNet’s medical student resource centre. This centre has been designed to help increase your confidence and knowledge in the field of dermatology. We will be updating this page regularly; join our mailing list to stay up to date. In the meantime, why not start by signing up for our free ... Chronic venous insufficiency can be caused by: Venous factors. Incompetent valve in the superficial, perforating, and deep systems. External compression of veins. Deep venous obstruction. Previous deep vein thrombosis. Impaired calf muscle pump. Immobility including lack of physical exercise and paralysis. Joint disease particularly of the ankle.Pityriasis lichenoides (PL) is an uncommon cutaneous rash of uncertain aetiology . The acute form, pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), and the chronic form, pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC), sit at either end of a disease spectrum with many patients showing overlapping features. The eponym Mucha–Habermann …Plant dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by topical contact with a plant or plant constituent. Phytodermatitis is the formal medical name for plant dermatitis, and it may be an irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, or phytophotodermatitis. Contact urticaria and mechanical irritation can also be due …Learn about atopic dermatitis, the most common inflammatory skin disease worldwide, affecting people with an atopic tendency. Find out the causes, clinical features, complications, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition. DermNet does not provide an online consultation service. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Search DermNet to see clinical skin condition summaries and dermatology images. The immune system of the skin has elements of both the innate (nonspecific) and adaptive (specific) immune systems. Immune cells inhabit the epidermis and dermis . Keratinocytes (skin cells). The dermis has blood and lymph vessels and numerous immune cells, including: Mast cells. There is continuous trafficking of immune cells between the skin ...Malignancy. Cutaneous cysts and pseudocysts are non- proliferative benign lesions. Nodulocystic basal cell carcinoma is a common skin cancer that presents as a rounded nodule and may initially be mistaken for a cyst, but steady enlargement, destruction of the epidermis with ulceration and bleeding occur eventually.Cholinergic urticaria is a common chronic inducible urticaria that is characterised by the presence of short-lived transient hives (itchy bumps) due to stimuli that induce sweating. It typically presents with small, raised 1–4 mm wheals which last for 15–30 minutes. It is also sometimes referred to as cholinergic angioedema urticaria or ...Anal intraepithelial neoplasia. Anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) is a superficial squamous-cell carcinoma usually associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and 18, often seen in HIV /AIDS. The clinical features are non-specific, presenting as a bleeding, well-defined red, scaly erythematous rash-like plaque on the perianal skin.Women and patients with skin of colour are most likely to present for medical attention. Idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis becomes more common with age, affecting <50% in the fourth decade (31–40 years), 50–80% of people over 40 years of age, and >90% in the ninth decade (81–90 years). It has been reported …A melanocytic naevus (American spelling ‘ nevus ’), or mole, is a common benign skin lesion due to a local proliferation of pigment cells ( melanocytes ). It is sometimes called a naevocytic naevus or just 'naevus' (but note that there are other types of naevi ). A brown or black melanocytic naevus contains the pigment melanin, so may also ...Dupilumab (Dupixent ®; Sanofi, Paris, France; Regeneron, New York, USA) is a fully human monoclonal antibody, which has shown significant efficacy and a favourable safety profile in moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis alone and in combination with topical corticosteroids. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Dupixent ® as a ...Skin and soft tissue infections are a common complication of injecting recreational drugs. Cutaneous abscesses and cellulitis are common presentations in people who inject drugs (PWID), while necrotising fasciitis is a medical emergency. Cellulitis of the leg after skin popping. Necrotising fasciitis of the leg after a lower leg infection after ...HiSCR. The Hidradenitis Suppurativa Clinical Response (HiSCR) is defined as a ≥ 50% reduction in inflammatory lesion count (abscesses + inflammatory nodules), and no increase in abscesses or draining fistulas when compared with baseline. It has been recently used to assess the effectiveness of treatment with biologics [3].Abrocitinib is an effective systemic therapy, easy to administer as an oral medication that can be taken with or without food, and usually well tolerated. In clinical trials, it reduces the severity of atopic eczema with significant clearing of the skin and rapid improvement of itch ( pruritus) when compared to placebo.Pigmentation disorders are often more troublesome in skin of colour. The melanocytes ( pigment cells) are located at the base of the epidermis and produce the protein melanin. Melanin is carried by keratinocytes to the skin surface. The melanocytes of dark-skinned people produce more melanin than those of people with light skin.Hair loss in frontal fibrosing alopecia is usually not restricted to the frontal hairline. Eyebrow thinning or loss ( madarosis) often precedes the scalp changes. Hair loss can affect all parts of the body, and almost total loss from limbs is common. In men, loss of beard and sideburns is described and may be the only site of involvement. Periorificial dermatitis is a common facial skin problem characterised by groups of itchy or tender small red papules. The area around the eyes, nose, and mouth are most commonly affected, however papules may also be found on the genitals. The characteristics of facial periorificial dermatitis are as follows. Dermatology Quiz Course - Beginners. Click here for the advanced course. Test your knowledge on common dermatology cases. Join our beginners dermatology quiz …Psoriasis is a common scaly skin condition resulting in red scaly and thickened patches of skin. Flexural psoriasis is sometimes called inverse psoriasis and describes psoriasis localised to the skin folds and genitals. Common sites of flexural psoriasis are: Armpits. Groin. Under the breasts.Abrocitinib is an effective systemic therapy, easy to administer as an oral medication that can be taken with or without food, and usually well tolerated. In clinical trials, it reduces the severity of atopic eczema with significant clearing of the skin and rapid improvement of itch ( pruritus) when compared to placebo.Plant dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by topical contact with a plant or plant constituent. Phytodermatitis is the formal medical name for plant dermatitis, and it may be an irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, or phytophotodermatitis. Contact urticaria and mechanical irritation can also be due to plants.Learn about seborrhoeic dermatitis, a common form of eczema that affects the scalp, face, and trunk. Find out the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for this … Image catalogue. The catalogue lists directories of some of the images available for licensed use by external agencies. If you don't find what you're looking for, try searching by disease or condition using DermNet's Google Custom Search, and select the "Image" tab. Refer to the DermNet Image policy for licensing requirements. The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. Absence of spontaneous bleeding (bleeding or ulceration may be due to recent injury). Benign lesions can be classified by their cellular origin: melanocytic, keratinocytic, vascular, fibrous, fat, and so on,Heat urticaria is a rare type of physical or chronic inducible urticaria. It is also called contact heat urticaria and localised heat urticaria. Heat urticaria occurs following the direct contact of a warm stimulus to the skin. The onset of urticaria is typically rapid (within minutes) and the urticaria resolves within 1–2 hours.Intertrigo is due to genetic and environmental factors. Flexural skin has a relatively high surface temperature. Moisture from insensible water loss and sweating cannot evaporate due to occlusion. Friction from the movement of adjacent skin results in chafing. Intertrigo occurs more easily in environments that are hot and humid. Image catalogue. The catalogue lists directories of some of the images available for licensed use by external agencies. If you don't find what you're looking for, try searching by disease or condition using DermNet's Google Custom Search, and select the "Image" tab. Refer to the DermNet Image policy for licensing requirements. 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Malignancy. Cutaneous cysts and pseudocysts are non- proliferative benign lesions. Nodulocystic basal cell carcinoma is a common skin cancer that presents as a rounded nodule and may initially be mistaken for a cyst, but steady enlargement, destruction of the epidermis with ulceration and bleeding occur eventually.. Frist art museum

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HiSCR. The Hidradenitis Suppurativa Clinical Response (HiSCR) is defined as a ≥ 50% reduction in inflammatory lesion count (abscesses + inflammatory nodules), and no increase in abscesses or draining fistulas when compared with baseline. It has been recently used to assess the effectiveness of treatment with biologics [3]. Dermatosis papulosa nigra is common in people with skin of colour, with Fitzpatrick skin phototype 4, 5 or 6. It affects up to 35% of Black Americans. There is a lower frequency in African Americans with a fairer complexion. Dermatosis papulosa nigra also occurs among dark-skinned Asians and Polynesians, but the exact frequency is unknown. Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a poxvirus, the molluscum contagiosum virus. There are at least 4 viral subtypes. Sexual transmission in adults. Transmission of molluscum contagiosum appears to be more likely in wet conditions, such as when children bathe or swim together.Alopecia areata is typically diagnosed on clinical features, however additional tests may aid diagnosis. Trichoscopy : Examination of the hair follicle, hair shaft, and scalp with a dermatoscope. Features of active disease include exclamation point hairs, broken or dystrophic hairs, yellow dots and black dots.Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune inflammatory condition. It results in potentially widespread fibrosis and vascular abnormalities, which can affect the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, heart and kidneys. The skin becomes thickened and hard ( sclerotic ). Systemic sclerosis has been subdivided into two main subtypes, according to ...Pyogenic granuloma of the skin presents as a painless red fleshy nodule, typically 5-10mm in diameter, that grows rapidly over a few weeks. The surface is initially smooth but can ulcerate, become crusty, or verrucous. Pyogenic granuloma is usually solitary, but multiple nodules and satellite lesions can erupt.A solar lentigo is a flat, well- circumscribed patch. It can be round, oval or irregular in shape. Colour varies from skin-coloured, tan to dark brown or black, and size varies from a few millimetres to several centimetres in diameter. They can be slightly scaly. Solar lentigines are found as groups of similar lesions on sun-exposed sites ...Plant dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by topical contact with a plant or plant constituent. Phytodermatitis is the formal medical name for plant dermatitis, and it may be an irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, or phytophotodermatitis. Contact urticaria and mechanical irritation can also be due …Lipodermatosclerosis is an inflammatory skin condition resulting from underlying venous insufficiency. This is caused by: Incompetent venous valves. Venous outflow obstruction. Dysfunction of the calf muscle pump [2]. The resulting venous hypertension causes an increase of leukocytes within the veins, which then migrate into surrounding tissue.Feb 28, 2019 · Nodular prurigo (NP) or prurigo nodularis is a chronic skin condition characterised by very itchy firm lumps. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the arms, legs, back, and torso, in a symmetrical distribution. It is the most severe form of prurigo and thus can be difficult to treat. Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a common, locally invasive, keratinocyte cancer (also known as nonmelanoma cancer). It is the most common form of skin cancer. BCC is also known as rodent ulcer and basalioma. Patients with BCC often develop multiple primary tumours over time. dermnetnz .org. DermNet is a worldwide clinical resource website about dermatology and skin conditions. [1] Its co-founder and former editor-in-chief is dermatologist and Adjunct Associate Professor Amanda Oakley. [2] The website was launched in 1996 under the umbrella of the New Zealand Dermatological Society, and as of 2017, around 2 million ... It affects the superficial layers of the epidermis and is typically caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A beta – haemolytic streptococci (GABHS)). It can be classified into non- bullous (also known as ‘school sores’) and bullous impetigo. Ecthyma is a deep form of impetigo causing deeper erosions of the skin ...Discoid eczema usually affects the limbs, particularly the legs, but the rash may be widespread. Although often bilateral, the distribution can be asymmetrical especially if related to varicose veins. Individual plaques are well circumscribed, mostly 1–3 cm in diameter, and inflamed. The majority of patches are round or oval. Acrodermatitis enteropathica is a rare disorder associated with zinc deficiency. It presents with the classic triad of: Peri- acral and periorificial dermatitis. Diarrhoea. Alopecia. Primary acrodermatitis enteropathica is due to an inherited zinc transporter defect, resulting in reduced intestinal absorption of zinc. DermNet Cases. DermNet now features a library of authentic patient cases with images. These cover the various symptoms, diagnosis, treatments, and outcomes that can be expected in the real world. You'll find these cases listed below. All of our content is written by medical professionals and reviewed by dermatologists before …Anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) side-effects with glycopyrrolate or diphemanil methylsulfate, eg, dry mouth and dry eyes and temporary difficulty in focusing when applied to the face. Facial application should be avoided. Cyst formation. Associated with long-term antiperspirant use due to chronic plugging of the sweat glands and hair follicle.Treatment for acne depends on the patient's age and sex, the extent and the severity of the acne, how long it has been present, and response to previous treatments. Treatment for mild acne includes topical anti-acne preparations, lasers and lights. Treatment for moderate acne includes antibiotics such as tetracyclines and/or …Autoimmunity is an immune response against the self that usually involves T and B lymphocytes. The particular protein or structure targeted by the T and B lymphocytes is called the self-antigen [3]. Autoimmunity may result in autoimmune disease with tissue damage or impaired physiological function.Actinic keratoses are very common on sites repeatedly exposed to the sun, especially the backs of the hands and the face, most often affecting the ears, nose, cheeks, upper lip, vermilion of the lower lip, temples, forehead, and balding scalp. In severely chronically sun-damaged individuals, they may also be found on the upper trunk, upper and ...Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD or HFM) is a common, self-limiting, viral infection that causes blisters on the hands, feet, and inside or around the mouth. It mainly affects children under the age of 5 years. HFMD, also called enteroviral vesicular stomatitis, occurs sporadically worldwide. Epidemics are most common during warm weather ...Psoriasis is a common scaly skin condition resulting in red scaly and thickened patches of skin. Flexural psoriasis is sometimes called inverse psoriasis and describes psoriasis localised to the skin folds and genitals. Common sites of flexural psoriasis are: Armpits. Groin. Under the breasts.Learn about seborrhoeic dermatitis, a common form of eczema that affects the scalp, face, and trunk. Find out the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for this …DermNet NZ is a comprehensive online resource for skin health information. Learn about melanoma, a potentially serious skin cancer that arises from pigment cells, …Jan 4, 2016 · A topical steroid is an anti- inflammatory preparation used to control eczema / dermatitis and many other skin conditions. Topical steroids are available in creams, ointments, solutions and other vehicles. Topical steroids are also called topical corticosteroids, glucocorticosteroids, and cortisone. Infection of internal organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and brain ( encephalitis) Herpes zoster is infectious to people who have not previously had chickenpox. Herpes zoster in the early months of pregnancy can harm the fetus, but luckily this is rare. Shingles in late pregnancy can cause …Imiquimod is an immune response modifier. It is manufactured as a 5% (50 mg/g) cream called Aldara™. Generic forms of imiquimod cream are also available. The Perrigo brand is funded by PHARMAC in New Zealand (2019). A 3.75% cream called Zyclara™ has also been approved by the FDA in the USA but is not yet available in New Zealand (March 2017).Many patients with longstanding type 1 diabetes develop diabetic cheiroarthropathy or diabetic stiff skin (digital sclerosis). This results in restricted mobility of the joints of their hands and stiff, waxy, thickened and yellowed skin. This is thought to be due to the reaction of glucose with proteins in the skin and increased glycation end ... Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition affecting hair follicles causing hair loss. It typically presents with discrete bald patches on the scalp but can cause hair loss from all hair-bearing areas on the body. Alopecia is a Latin term meaning hair loss, and areata refers to the patchy nature of the hair loss. Plant dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by topical contact with a plant or plant constituent. Phytodermatitis is the formal medical name for plant dermatitis, and it may be an irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, or phytophotodermatitis. Contact urticaria and mechanical irritation can also be due to plants.Pruritus is the medical term for itch. Itch is an unpleasant sensation on the skin that provokes the desire to rub or scratch the area to obtain relief. Itch can cause discomfort and frustration; in severe cases it can lead to disturbed sleep, anxiety and depression. Constant scratching to obtain relief can damage the skin ( excoriation ...A Marjolin ulcer is the rare development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the site of a scar or ulcer. It most commonly forms at the site of an old thermal burn scar. However, Marjolin ulcers may also form from osteomyelitic lesions and, rarely, venous ulcers, pressure sores , surgical scars, animal bites, and vaccination scars [1].Plant dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by topical contact with a plant or plant constituent. Phytodermatitis is the formal medical name for plant dermatitis, and it may be an irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, or phytophotodermatitis. Contact urticaria and mechanical irritation can also be due to plants. Definition. Dermatology is the medical discipline that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skin, hair , and nails in both children and adults. Specialists in dermatology are called dermatologists. The New Zealand Dermatological Society’s definition is comprehensive: Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis is an uncommon skin condition affecting the trunk, neck and axillae. It is characterised by asymptomatic, hyperpigmented papules and plaques that have a peripheral, net-like …It can present in children (see Juvenile dermatomyositis ). The peak age group affected in adults is those aged 50–60 years. Adult-onset dermatomyositis is strongly associated with malignancy; up to 25% of affected adults have an unknown underlying malignancy on diagnosis. The majority are adenocarcinomas. The usual presentation of the disease is classical lichen planus. Symptoms can range from none (uncommon) to intense itch. Papules and polygonal plaques are shiny, flat-topped, and firm on palpation. The plaques are crossed by fine white lines called Wickham striae. Ciclosporin. Ciclosporin is an immunosuppressant used short-term to treat atopic eczema and psoriasis. Ciclosporin capsules are usually taken twice daily. The dose is individualised according to patient weight, efficacy, and adverse effects (2.5–5.0 mg/kg/day). Acute tinea cruris may present as a moist and exudative rash. Chronic tinea cruris presents as a large well- demarcated scaly plaque with a raised border and central clearing. Scale is most prominent at the leading edge of the plaque. Dermatophytic folliculitis may present as papules and pustules along the border. Tinea cruris is usually itchy. The usual presentation of the disease is classical lichen planus. Symptoms can range from none (uncommon) to intense itch. Papules and polygonal plaques are shiny, flat-topped, and firm on palpation. The plaques are crossed by fine white lines called Wickham striae. Dermatomal — lesions confined to one or more segments of skin innervated by a single spinal nerve ( dermatomes ). Extensor — involving extensor surfaces of limbs. Contrast with flexor surfaces. Flexural — related to flexion, or skin folds, such as the backs of knees, the armpits, the elbow creases and the groin. The features in common for benign skin lesions include: Symmetry in shape, colour and structure. Stable or slowly evolving. Absence of spontaneous bleeding (bleeding or ulceration may be due to recent injury). Benign lesions can be classified by their cellular origin: melanocytic, keratinocytic, vascular, fibrous, fat, and so on, A solar lentigo is a flat, well- circumscribed patch. It can be round, oval or irregular in shape. Colour varies from skin-coloured, tan to dark brown or black, and size varies from a few millimetres to several centimetres in diameter. They can be slightly scaly. Solar lentigines are found as groups of similar lesions on sun-exposed sites ...Pruritus is the medical term for itch. Itch is an unpleasant sensation on the skin that provokes the desire to rub or scratch the area to obtain relief. Itch can cause discomfort and frustration; in severe cases it can lead to disturbed sleep, anxiety and depression. Constant scratching to obtain relief can damage the skin ( excoriation ...Dermatoporosis is a term used to describe chronic cutaneous insufficiency and fragility associated with both intrinsic and extrinsic ageing. The features of dermatoporosis include: Skin fragility and atrophy. Senile purpura. Stellate pseudoscars (star-shaped white patches) Non-healing atrophic ulcers.Hydroquinone is most commonly used in bleaching creams by patients aged 13 years and over with a dark skin type. It can be used, often in combination with other medications, to treat: Melasma. Postinflammatory hyperpigmentation such as subsequent to …Plant dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin caused by topical contact with a plant or plant constituent. Phytodermatitis is the formal medical name for plant dermatitis, and it may be an irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, or phytophotodermatitis. Contact urticaria and mechanical irritation can also be due …Cherry angioma. Cherry angiomas are extremely common benign red, blue, purple or almost black lesions occurring in middle age on the trunk. They can be easily distinguished from melanocytic lesions by dermoscopy, which shows red, blue or purple lacunes. Occasionally they become thrombosed and may fall off or persist as a firm bluish papule.Nodular prurigo (NP) or prurigo nodularis is a chronic skin condition characterised by very itchy firm lumps. It can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the arms, legs, back, and torso, in a symmetrical distribution. It is the most severe form of prurigo and thus can be difficult to treat.Lipodermatosclerosis is an inflammatory skin condition resulting from underlying venous insufficiency. This is caused by: Incompetent venous valves. Venous outflow obstruction. Dysfunction of the calf muscle pump [2]. The resulting venous hypertension causes an increase of leukocytes within the veins, which then migrate into surrounding tissue.. 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